What effect does the leader-member relationship have on individual employee job motivation in organizations that cross culture

Reminder: This Assignment will be submitted in three parts: You must add 10 articles for each submission in Weeks 2, 3, and 4, for a total of 30 articles at the end of Week 4.

Continue your review of the literature as needed to complete the literature matrix for all three of your projects by Week 4.

Notes

  • The column “Ethical and Social Change Impact of the Research” may not be applicable in every case. However, you should aim to find articles that either implicitly or explicitly include this perspective.
  • Continue your review of the literature during the next couple of weeks as needed to complete the literature matrix for all three of your projects.
  • Include proper APA citations and peer-reviewed references.

 

Building on the first version, submit the revised literature matrix containing at least an additional 10 articles for a total of at least 20 articles.

Submission and Grading Information

To submit your completed Assignment for review and grading, do the following:

  • Please save your Assignment using the naming convention “WK3Assgn2+last name+first initial.(extension)” as the name.
  • Click the Week 3 Assignment 2 Rubric to review the Grading Criteria for the Assignment.
  • Click the Week 3 Assignment 2 link. You will also be able to “View Rubric” for grading criteria from this area.
  • Next, from the Attach File area, click on the Browse My Computer button. Find the document you saved as “WK3Assgn2+last name+first initial.(extension)” and click Open.
  • If applicable: From the Plagiarism Tools area, click the checkbox for I agree to submit my paper(s) to the Global Reference Database.
  • Click on the Submit button to complete your submission.

Building on the first version, submit the revised literature matrix containing at least an additional 10 articles for a total of at least 20 articles.

Submission and Grading Information

To submit your completed Assignment for review and grading, do the following:

  • Please save your Assignment using the naming convention “WK3Assgn2+last name+first initial.(extension)” as the name.
  • Click the Week 3 Assignment 2 Rubric to review the Grading Criteria for the Assignment.
  • Click the Week 3 Assignment 2 link. You will also be able to “View Rubric” for grading criteria from this area.
  • Next, from the Attach File area, click on the Browse My Computer button. Find the document you saved as “WK3Assgn2+last name+first initial.(extension)” and click Open.
  • If applicable: From the Plagiarism Tools area, click the checkbox for I agree to submit my paper(s) to the Global Reference Database.
  • Click on the Submit button to complete your submission.

MGMT 8705M: Organizational Behavior Performance and Evaluation

Hints

Week 3: Research Questions

Hints for Week 3 Discussion Development of your research questions is critical. Once you have reviewed some of the literature on each of the topics, you will want to ask questions about what you would like to learn about the topics. There are general questions that might interest you, but when you begin a research project, remember to tie your research question to the problem or opportunity you identified. The research question helps to further focus your scope.

Example Theme: Organizational Culture and Structure Topic: Leadership Influences on Culture Issue: Role of leader in developing, communicating, and sustaining organizational culture; How learning is transmitted through culture

Research questions in Shah (2015): What is the relationship between organizational culture and job satisfaction? Does organizational culture play a significant role on job satisfaction of employees?

Analysis: Shah (2015) stated the question under investigation as follows:

This paper represents research results of analyzing the culture of the organization, examining the relationship between organizational culture and job satisfaction and testing whether organizational culture is playing significant role on job satisfaction of the employees. (p. 29)

The author of this study used previously published questionnaires to examine the organizational culture and job satisfaction in the case being analyzed for this article. If these previously validated questionnaires had not been used, I would have been concerned with the lack of precision in the first research question, as the term “organizational culture” is very broad, and not well defined in the question.

The second question uses the term “significant” to describe the role of culture on job satisfaction. I would consider rewording the question as “To what extent does organizational culture play a role in job satisfaction of employees,” since the term “significant” is not specific and could be misinterpreted. Usefulness This study contributes to the above-stated theme, topic, and issues in that it explores the impact of organizational culture on job satisfaction, which is a part of the selected research focus.

Reference Shah, S. (2015). Impact of organizational culture on job satisfaction: A study of steel plant. Pranjana: The Journal of Management Awareness, 18(1), 29–40. doi:10.5958/0974-0945.2015.00004.7 Permalink to article in Walden Library: https://ezp.waldenulibrary.org/login?url=https://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx ?direct=true&db=bth&AN=122611258&site=eds-live&scope=site

Note:

• Clicking on the link above will not work. Please copy the entire link and paste it into the location bar of your browser to access the resource in the Walden Library.

Criteria for “superior” initial post: þ Student accurately includes the complete reference and link from a peer-

reviewed article, includes information from the relevant columns, and provides a thorough and detailed evaluation of the research questions and the usefulness of the study to one of the projects.

þ Student consistently follows APA writing style and basic rules of formal English grammar and written essay style. Student communicates in a cohesive, logical style. There are no spelling or grammar errors.

þ Student demonstrates full adherence to APA style with respect to source attribution, references, heading and subheading logic, table of contents and lists of charts, etc. There are no APA errors. Citations and references support position.

Hints for Week 3 Assignment 1 Be sure to include your selection of theme, topic, and at least two issues along with the research question.

Example (extract) Theme: Organizational Behavior Topic: Individual Employee Motivation and Behavior

Issue: Impact of leader/member relationship; Impact of social and cultural differences Rationale Studying the relationship between a leader and organizational members and how that relationship impacts employee behavior is an especially relevant topic in today’s organizations, which are becoming increasingly diverse and distributed across geographic boundaries. There is a significant gap in the literature, especially regarding the relationship between a leader and member(s) from different cultural backgrounds that is worthy of further research.

Steps I began by looking for studies that example the relationship between the leader and organizational members, referred to as LMX (leader/member relationship) in the literature. I then added the search terms “employee motivation” to find research on how that relationship impacts motivation of employees. I wanted a recent research study, so limited my search to the range of 2016 to 2018 and found three articles, one of which (Selvarajan, Singh, & Solansky, 2018) dealt with issues across U.S. and Mexican cultures, which I found to be especially relevant to my concern.

Gap The relationship between leaders/members and its impact on employee motivation in organizations that cross cultures.

Research Question What effect does the leader-member relationship have on individual employee job motivation in organizations that cross cultures?

Reference Selvarajan, T. T., Singh, B., & Solansky, S. (2018). Performance appraisal fairness, leader member exchange and motivation to improve performance: A study of US and Mexican employees. Journal of Business Research, 85, 142– 154. doi:10.1016/j.jbusres.2017.11.043

Note: Remember, your research question should at this point be open ended, at least for your first project. Study how to structure the proper types of questions. There are many kinds of questions that are associated with different types of research. Carefully consider the type of question or questions you are asking.

Criteria for “superior” Assignment: þ Student identifies a total of three appropriate overarching research questions,

one for each project. Each question addresses a different theme as specified in the Topic List.

þ Student consistently follows APA writing style and basic rules of formal English grammar and written essay style. Student communicates in a cohesive, logical style. There are no spelling or grammar errors.

Hints for Week 3 Assignment 2 Continue adding to your literature review for your other projects.

Criteria for “superior” Assignment: þ Student provides a total of 11 or more additional relevant peer-reviewed journal

entries with some related to the ethical and social change impact of the research. þ Student presents a detailed and thorough explanation for every entry provided. þ Student has no spelling or grammar errors. Matrix is organized, clear, and easy

to understand. Correct APA format and style is applied.

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