Evaluate compassion fatigue, burnout, compassion satisfaction, and perceived stress in healthcare

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Compassion fatigue, burnout, compassion satisfaction, and perceived stress in healthcare professionals during the COVID‐19 health crisis in Spain

María Dolores Ruiz‐Fernández, Juan Diego Ramos‐Pichardo, Olivia Ibáñez‐Masero, José Cabrera‐Troya, María Inés Carmona‐Rega, Ángela María Ortega‐Galán format_quote CITE This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. https://doi.org/10.1111/jocn.15469 Published inJournal of Clinical Nursing ISSN0962-1067 eISSN1365-2702 Pagesn/a – n/a

Abstract

Aims and objectives

To evaluate compassion fatigue, burnout, compassion satisfaction, and perceived stress in healthcare professionals during the COVID‐19 health crisis in Spain.

Background

Spain has been one of the countries hardest hit by the health crisis caused by the COVID‐19 pandemic. Healthcare professionals have had to deal with traumatic and complex situations in the work context. In these particularly stressful situations, many professionals may develop compassion fatigue or burnout, which puts them at risk for mental health problems.

Design

Cross‐sectional online survey.

Methods

A total of 506 healthcare professionals (physicians and nurses) who were working in healthcare centres during the COVID‐19 pandemic participated. Compassion fatigue, compassion satisfaction, and burnout were assessed with the Professional Quality of Life Questionnaire (ProQoL), and perceived stress was measured with the Perceived Stress Scale (PSS‐14). Socio‐demographic and occupational variables were also analysed. Data were collected during the period of the highest incidence of cases and highest mortality rates due to COVID‐19 in Spain. This article adheres to the STROBE guidelines for the reporting of observational studies.

Results

Physicians had higher compassion fatigue and burnout scores, while nurses had higher compassion satisfaction scores. Perceived stress scores were similar in both occupations. Professionals working in specific COVID‐19 units and in emergency departments had higher compassion fatigue and burnout scores, while levels of compassion satisfaction and perceived stress were similar regardless of the workplace.

Relevance to Clinical Practice

Despite the health crisis situation and its implications for healthcare professionals, the levels of compassion fatigue and burnout have remained moderate/high. However, compassion satisfaction seems to be increasing, especially among nurses, possibly due to their motivation to relieve suffering and due to their perceived social recognition. It is necessary to implement interventions that help improve compassion satisfaction and prevent burnout and compassion fatigue among professionals in the long term.

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The potential for COVID‐19 to contribute to compassion fatigue in critical care nurses

Jalal Alharbi, Debra Jackson, Kim Usher format_quote CITE © 2020 John Wiley & Sons Ltd https://doi.org/10.1111/jocn.15314 Published inJournal of Clinical Nursing ISSN0962-1067 eISSN1365-2702 Volume29 Issue15-16 Pages2762 – 2764 sentiment_very_dissatisfied This publication does not have an outline.

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